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Public Affairs Specialist (Open to both U.S. Citizens and Fe US Federal Railroad Administration. Washington, DC (Navy Yard area) $74, – $, a year. Full-time. Thousands of United States citizens work for the federal government overseas in foreign countries, in United States territories, Alaska, and Hawaii. The overseas jobs that are most . USAJOBS is the Federal Government’s official one-stop source for Federal jobs and employment information.
The second section describes some of the rewards and challenges of government work. Resources for more information are at the end of the article. This is the first of two articles on working for the federal government. The second article covers the application process. Like many large organizations, the federal government needs employees with different types of skills working in many locations.
This section answers some frequently asked questions about government work and workers—including what they do, where their jobs are, what kind of education they need to get started, and how much they earn.
The federal government is divided into three branches: legislative, judicial, and executive. These three branches comprise departments and agencies that are responsible for specific government functions. This branch includes Congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The judicial branch interprets the meaning of laws and how they are applied. It is made up of the Supreme Court of the United States; lower courts, such as Courts of Appeals; special courts, including the Tax Court; and support organizations, such as the Federal Judiciary Center.
The executive branch enforces laws. This branch includes the President; the 15 executive departments, including the Departments of Defense, Labor, and State; and related agencies within the departments.
It also includes independent agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agency; boards and committees, such as the National Park Foundation; and quasi-official agencies, such as the Smithsonian Institution. Most federal agencies are part of the executive branch.
But total federal employment varies, depending on which workers are counted. For example, the OES total includes only federal executive branch workers. Data in this article are from the Office of Personnel Management OPM and include full-time, permanent, non-postal civilian workers from all branches, for a total of 1. Federal contractors are not directly employed by the government and are not included in these totals.
OPM data show that the federal workforce is diverse, and the demographics are similar to that of the overall labor force. In , men slightly outnumbered women, for example. More than one-third of federal employees were minorities, with Blacks making up the largest portion 18 percent of these minority workers.
And nearly 9 percent of federal workers have a disability. Federal workers help the government operate and provide its services. OPM groups workers according to their tasks, such as administrative, professional, technical, and clerical. See table 1. Source: U. According to OPM, nearly 40 percent of federal workers are in administrative occupations. These workers may handle payroll, train new employees, and develop standard operating procedures.
This group includes human resources specialists , accountants , and logisticians. Workers in professional occupations may analyze policy, develop budgets, and provide healthcare services.
These occupations include lawyers , financial managers , and registered nurses. These workers may design buildings, test consumer products, and control the spread of disease.
Examples include chemists , mechanical engineers , and computer network administrators. Blue collar. Blue-collar employees may maintain heating and cooling systems, clean offices, and construct buildings. Occupations include janitors , sheet metal workers , and painters. Workers in clerical occupations do office tasks such as data entry, filing documents, and answering the phone.
Examples include information clerks , secretaries , and office clerks. These occupations include firefighters , detectives , and correctional officers.
Most federal employees work in the executive branch. And almost all of them work in the United States. A small portion of federal workers serve abroad in government facilities, such as U. Geographic location. According to OPM, in , about 22 percent of federal employment was concentrated in Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia, where many government agencies are located.
But that means nearly 80 percent of the federal workforce was elsewhere, with employees in each state throughout the country. See chart. For example, California and Texas combined accounted for about 15 percent of federal workers. Chart: Federal employment by state, fiscal year Note: Data is for non-seasonal full-time permanent employees, who work 40 hours a week year round with no absolute end date.
Note: Data are for non-seasonal full-time permanent employees who work 40 hours per week year round with no absolute end date. Employment by agency. Agencies related to the armed services, such as those under the Departments of Veteran Affairs, account for more than half of federal civilian employment. The other half of employment is spread throughout the remaining agencies, including the Departments of Justice and Agriculture.
See table 2. The federal government hires workers with broad levels of education and experience. OPM establishes minimum qualifications by occupation or job. You can either find your own internship before applying for the J-1 visa, or find a placement through an internship provider. Most providers offer the whole package, including the placement and visa sponsorship. The Fulbright Commission also offers short-term work opportunities and a trainee programme for international graduates with at least one years professional work experience.
For those students who’ve already secured a job placement in the US but are seeking J-1 visa sponsorship, you could consider the Career Training USA cultural exchange programme. The USA is a complex country to enter due to its firm stance on immigration, but a range of programmes and visas are available for certain categories, so you’ll need to ensure that you choose the right one – for instance, the J-1 exchange programme, which allows students and professionals to gain work experience and cultural exchange for up to 18 months.
It can help if you have an employer willing to sponsor you, but this is extremely rare – unless you manage to find work with a multinational company and transfer to a US branch to gain entry to the country. The L-1 visa is an option for those within companies willing to transfer you to their US operation for up to five years. Employers looking to fill certain skilled positions can apply for H category visas. These include the H-1, for professionals and outstanding individuals, through to the H-2B temporary worker programme for seasonal workers, such as ski instructors.
However, these are very limited in number and the employer rather than the individual must make the application. However, the path is a long one, as the US Citizenship and Immigration Services website explains that you’d typically need to have been a Green Card holder for at least five years. This is in addition to meeting other requirements. In addition to providing non-US citizens with access to travel insurance, InsureMyTrip also provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the visa process.
So if you’re unsure about what travel documents you’ll need upon entry to the country, visit the site to discover what’s required of you. Due to the changeable nature of US immigration policy, nationals of predominantly Muslim countries will need to keep a close eye on any rules or restrictions that may affect them entering the USA. The official language of the United States is English. If this is not your first language then you may need to sit an English Language Proficiency test.
Employers normally recognise UK qualifications. This is highlighted by the fact some US nationals travel to the UK to study before returning home to work. However, it’s worth checking that a UK degree will be accepted before you apply for a job. Officially US workers work a traditional 9am to 5pm day or hour week. However, in reality, employees often go beyond this. It could be that you end up working the occasional 12 hour day, especially if you are employed in the legal or medical professions.
Two weeks annual leave is standard although some US workers have to settle for as little as nine paid holiday days a year, which is well below the UK average. Not all private business will honour public holidays. Jobs and work experience Search graduate jobs Job profiles Work experience and internships Employer profiles What job would suit me? Job sectors Apprenticeships Working abroad Gap year Self-employment.
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Working abroad. Don’t let that put you off though; there are plenty of reasons why you should consider working in the USA One of the main draws is being able to experience American culture first hand; another plus is not having to learn a new language.
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Create an account to get full access to USAJOBS. Then you can: Save and automate job searches. With this feature, you can generate searches based on your preferences for job . Public Affairs Specialist (Open to both U.S. Citizens and Fe US Federal Railroad Administration. Washington, DC (Navy Yard area) $74, – $, a year. Full-time. Oct 03, · Summary. The ideal candidate for this position will serve as an administrative assistant with responsible for day-to-day administrative support activities and coordinating .