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School counselors provide direct and indirect student services and curricular activities to increase the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required for students to achieve their potential academically, socially, emotionally, and physically for life, college, and career readiness.

In elementary grades, school counseling programs support and provide education on prevention and intervention services, promoting positive academic skills, career awareness, and usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature development — skills students need to be competent and confident learners. Secondary school counseling programs are designed to meet the rapidly changing needs of students продолжение здесь grades 6—12, while preparing them for high school and beyond.

College and career exploration and planning are emphasized at the secondary level. High school counseling programs are designed to foster student preparation and readiness for successful college and career pathways after high school. All secondary students create and manage a four- to six-year plan with their counselor. The four- to six-year plan is managed in Choices and is designed to читать полностью students how to create and attain their graduation, college, and career goals, while taking into account their interests, aptitudes, and graduation requirements.

Please contact your school counselor for additional information regarding the usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature counseling program. All students are required to attend school to ensure continuity of instruction and that they successfully meet academic standards and demonstrate continuous educational progress.

School attendance is a joint responsibility between usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature parent or sponsor, student, classroom teacher, school personnel, and, in some cases, the Command. Students with excessive school absences or tardiness shall be monitored by the Student Support Team to assist in the completion of all required work and successful mastery of course objectives.

Daily student attendance is identified based upon a quarter of the school day formula. Students will be identified as present or absent, based on the following criteria:. DoDEA considers the following conditions to constitute reasonable cause for absence from school for reasons other than school-related activities:. Unexcused absences may result in school disciplinary actions.

An absence from school or a class without written verification from a parent or sponsor will be unexcused. Student attendance is calculated based upon the date of enrollment in a DoDEA school, which may occur anytime during the school year. Student attendance monitoring is designed to provide a continuum of intervention and services to support families and children in keeping children in school and combating truancy and educational neglect.

Too many unexcused absences may trigger the Student Support Team to convene. School attendance is important and in order to receive the best education, students need to Be Here! DoDEA’s system-wide attendance policy for students is consistent with those found in many public schools throughout the United States.

School attendance issues have been identified as a serious issue for children throughout the country and military children are no exception. DoDEA’s attendance policy provides specific guidance on attendance, absences and identifies support services for students at-risk for not fulfilling the grade or course requirements. It’s usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature surprising that regular school attendance correlates directly with success in academic work, improves social interaction with adults and peers and источник статьи opportunities for important communication between teachers and students.

Regular attendance also has a cumulative effect of establishing life-long positive traits — responsibility, determination, respect for rules of society — that are critical for developing career readiness skills, success in college and in life. The policy establishes a balance between the need for military families to spend time usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature following deployment, while emphasizing the importance of education. We have and will continue to be as flexible as possible in accommodating the precious time families have together but flexibilities and accommodations have limitations, especially when they impact on student performance and attendance at school.

Procedures for monitoring daily student attendance and communicating with families страница established in this policy. Academic penalties will not be imposed for excused absences. Students at-risk will be monitored by the Student Support Team and school administration to include the identification of supports and interventions. Children take their cue from their parents when it comes to the importance of school attendance. To have a quality education experience, you need to be here.

There are times when a student needs to miss school – everyone understands that. But attendance is important. To have a quality education experience, you need to Be Here. In the wake of school violence throughout the world, it is important to analyze the causes of violence and implement preventive measures to assure that every student and adult will feel secure in the school environment.

Bullying is defined as a means to have power over another and it takes many forms: physical, verbal, and indirect such as gossip and isolation. Bullying leaves long-lasting scars for its victims. Bullies have a higher incidence of usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature behavior, domestic violence and crime as adults.

Society pays a heavy toll for tolerating bullying behavior and bullies. In DoDEA schools and community, bullying will not go unchallenged and will not be tolerated. All usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature, staff members, parents and the community play vital roles to ensure our children are not bullied, do not act as bullies, and will not allow others to bully.

Our schools have a moral obligation to provide our students and the school community with the proper information, prevention strategies, and defenses to create a safe, accepting and caring environment for all. What is Bullying?

Bullying is a widespread and serious problem across our nation. It’s what happens when someone repeatedly hurts or threatens another person on purpose. Bullying comes in many forms-name-calling, leaving people out, spreading rumors or physically hurting someone.

And it can usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature in person, in writing, online, on cell phones, in school, on the bus, at home, or usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature. It is not a normal rite of passage, it has serious consequences and it’s NOT acceptable. DoDEA is firmly committed to providing all students with a safe and supportive learning environment.

Every child is entitled to feel safe in the classroom, in the hallway and on playgrounds and buses. Bullying, verbal harassment, and cyber-bullying interfere with a student’s ability to learn. All of us, teachers, administrators, students and parents, must work together to eliminate unacceptable bullying usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature harassing behavior.

Together we can make our schools safe usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature to learn, grow and thrive. Bully prevention will continue to be a top priority for DoDEA as we begin the school year.

As a part of our commitment, DoDEA has joined usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature with the Department of Health and Human Services and others to bring a reinvigorated and broader focus on bully prevention to our schools and communities.

Take a Stand. Lend a Hand,“ to help unify our efforts and build a common understanding of, and expectations for, DoDEA’s commitment and action to prevent bullying. This year, the Department of Defense and the Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention, are encouraging the youth in our military communities to submit original Public Service Announcements PSAs that showcase ways youth are taking action usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature bullying and promoting a culture of tolerance, kindness, and respect in their communities.

PSAs should be informative and entertaining videos that send a positive message to youth about the importance of being „more than a bystander“ to bullying in their schools and communities.

We owe and must provide every student the opportunity to learn and grow in a safe and nurturing environment. Learn more about doing your part to stop bullying now. A DoDEA standard diploma is awarded upon completion of the following requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year.

A DoDEA honors diploma is awarded upon completion of the following additional requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year:.

This information identifies DoDEA’s high school graduation requirements. Please consult with the school counselor for further guidance or questions regarding graduation requirements. DoDEA graduation requirements differ depending on the year a student enters 9th grade. Читать requirements are identified below on three separate color-coded documents dated to correspond to the year of initial entry into 9th grade.

These documents are intended to help students and parents to determine the number of credits and the distribution of credits by subject area required to receive a DoDEA standard diploma or an honors diploma. Please consult with your school counselor for further guidance or questions. Entering 9th grade in school year Request Forms may be emailed or mailed and should include the following information:.

Email: transcripts dodea. Students or Parents of Students transitioning to a Non-DoDEA school should also request their student records from their last school of attendance. Please contact the School directly for Student Records.

College Bound? If you are interested in attending college after graduating from high больше на странице, this page will help you get started. While it’s true when it comes to preparing for college. To make your dreams of college a reality, you will need to formulate a step-by-step usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature.

The following checklist is one possible way to carry out your preparations for much maple syrup does moneylion customer. You may choose to order your preparations for college differently, but remember that the key to successful college selection and admissions is careful planning.

Good luck to you as you plan for college! A portfolio is an excellent way to get started in planning for college. This method of preparing to enter college should begin early, usually by the eighth or ninth grade, but can be started at any time. Your portfolio will usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature information about your extracurricular activities, awards, jobs including volunteer workand grades at school.

It’s a good idea to collect the information about these important milestones – in the form of notes, report cards, award certificates, newspaper articles, photographs, etc.

That way, you won’t have to remember and collect everything when you are ready to apply for college. Start with your school’s guidance counselor. Make an appointment to talk about your plans for college – thoughts on your future study and career, usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature of school a two-year community college or a four-year collegelocation, and expenses.

Make a list of questions you’d like to ask your usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature counselor before your appointment.

Some examples might be:. Don’t overlook the power of the Internet when you start considering different colleges. Although actually visiting the colleges you’re interested in is desirable, „cyber visits“ to colleges can also provide very helpful information for the prospective student.

Colleges and their admission requirements can vary greatly. MyROAD is updated every year, and has proven usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature be a very useful tool for students and their parents to plan for college.

There are excellent resources available to you through the Internet:. One of the big topics you will have to consider when you plan for college is how you will pay for it. In general, there are three types of financial aid available to supplement any funds you already have:.

Most colleges require some продолжение здесь of standardized test as part of your application packet.

 
 

 

Usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature. Choose an index of the website you are searching for

 

These statements may address socio-economic impacts of social change with atarget population. Broader Impact statements may be predictive of future research or the benefits ofthe current study for the larger population.

Broader impacts statements by themselves are not socialscience. Some graduate students conduct social science as the bulk of the graduate research or include a chapterfocused on social science, such as a specific question or application in education, management or policy. Ideally in these cases, a social scientist serves as a committee member and the Center works with thestudents to achieve social science literacy.

Figure 1. Social science integration throughout the Center for graduate and undergraduatestudents. ScoreComments0 no 1 somewhat 2 yes LMRCSC Fellow provides clear connectionsbetween a socio-economic impact orsocial change with a target population andthe research question.

Integrating social science into NOAA planning, evaluationand decision making: A review of implementation to date and recommendations forimproving effectiveness p. Database ManagementA database management workshop is conducted by the center as part of the professionaldevelopment series. All undergraduate fellows are required to participate in thisworkshop.

If you are unable to participate in the database management workshop,contact the Education Expert. Student Development PlanThe student development plan is an assessment tool used by the center administration tomonitor progress toward degree completion for LMRCSC fellows.

Theinformation from the student development plan allows the center office to track studentprogress. This will allow the center to support students to meet benchmarks towarddegree completion. LangType The milestone chart should be completed under the guidance of thecommittee advisor before the student begins work under their scholarship.

This willprovide documentation of the preliminary communication between mentor and fellow. Internships for Undergraduate StudentsAll supported undergraduate students should apply for internships related to their degreefocus. Withthe assistance of faculty mentors, program staff and graduate students, interns conductresearch projects, take field trips, and attend seminars and workshops related to sciencecareers.

The program provides housing, meals, travel costs and a stipend to interns. Students will keep a research log,develop a seminar presentation, and submit a formal written research report. The ‘BridgeProgram’ is based on more than 25 years of experience and success in attracting,retaining, and preparing individuals, particularly early in their college career and from Revised: groups underrepresented in the marine and geosciences, for success through degreeprograms, research experiences, inter-institutional collaboration and connection-making.

Applications Due: March 1 tmlInstitute of Marine and Environmental Technology Summer InternshipEach summer, the Institute of Marine and Environmental Technology at the Inner Harboroffers students the opportunity to conduct a nine-week project research in marinesciences applying molecular tools. The summer internship will provide orientation toworking in a lab, seminars on the use of molecular techniques relevant to fisheries,energy production, and environmental research, introductions to bioanalytics andDNA-sequencing, a research project with an IMET faculty mentor, and a one-dayworkshop on communicating science.

Students who successfully complete theprogram may be eligible for conversion to a permanent job in the civil service. Here are some key provisions. Website: htmlProgram Directors are a resource to provide feedback regarding internships. These conferences are an opportunity to showcase the researchconducted through a research experience. All of us, teachers, administrators, students and parents, must work together to eliminate unacceptable bullying and harassing behavior.

Together we can make our schools safe places to learn, grow and thrive. Bully prevention will continue to be a top priority for DoDEA as we begin the school year. As a part of our commitment, DoDEA has joined forces with the Department of Health and Human Services and others to bring a reinvigorated and broader focus on bully prevention to our schools and communities.

Take a Stand. Lend a Hand,“ to help unify our efforts and build a common understanding of, and expectations for, DoDEA’s commitment and action to prevent bullying. This year, the Department of Defense and the Federal Partners in Bullying Prevention, are encouraging the youth in our military communities to submit original Public Service Announcements PSAs that showcase ways youth are taking action against bullying and promoting a culture of tolerance, kindness, and respect in their communities.

PSAs should be informative and entertaining videos that send a positive message to youth about the importance of being „more than a bystander“ to bullying in their schools and communities. We owe and must provide every student the opportunity to learn and grow in a safe and nurturing environment.

Learn more about doing your part to stop bullying now. A DoDEA standard diploma is awarded upon completion of the following requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year. A DoDEA honors diploma is awarded upon completion of the following additional requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year:. This information identifies DoDEA’s high school graduation requirements.

Please consult with the school counselor for further guidance or questions regarding graduation requirements. DoDEA graduation requirements differ depending on the year a student enters 9th grade. The requirements are identified below on three separate color-coded documents dated to correspond to the year of initial entry into 9th grade.

These documents are intended to help students and parents to determine the number of credits and the distribution of credits by subject area required to receive a DoDEA standard diploma or an honors diploma.

Please consult with your school counselor for further guidance or questions. Entering 9th grade in school year Request Forms may be emailed or mailed and should include the following information:. Email: transcripts dodea. Students or Parents of Students transitioning to a Non-DoDEA school should also request their student records from their last school of attendance.

Please contact the School directly for Student Records. College Bound? If you are interested in attending college after graduating from high school, this page will help you get started.

While it’s true when it comes to preparing for college. To make your dreams of college a reality, you will need to formulate a step-by-step plan. The following checklist is one possible way to carry out your preparations for college:.

You may choose to order your preparations for college differently, but remember that the key to successful college selection and admissions is careful planning. Good luck to you as you plan for college!

A portfolio is an excellent way to get started in planning for college. This method of preparing to enter college should begin early, usually by the eighth or ninth grade, but can be started at any time. Your portfolio will contain information about your extracurricular activities, awards, jobs including volunteer work , and grades at school. It’s a good idea to collect the information about these important milestones – in the form of notes, report cards, award certificates, newspaper articles, photographs, etc.

That way, you won’t have to remember and collect everything when you are ready to apply for college. Start with your school’s guidance counselor. Make an appointment to talk about your plans for college – thoughts on your future study and career, type of school a two-year community college or a four-year college , location, and expenses. Make a list of questions you’d like to ask your guidance counselor before your appointment. Some examples might be:. Don’t overlook the power of the Internet when you start considering different colleges.

Although actually visiting the colleges you’re interested in is desirable, „cyber visits“ to colleges can also provide very helpful information for the prospective student.

Colleges and their admission requirements can vary greatly. MyROAD is updated every year, and has proven to be a very useful tool for students and their parents to plan for college. There are excellent resources available to you through the Internet:. One of the big topics you will have to consider when you plan for college is how you will pay for it.

In general, there are three types of financial aid available to supplement any funds you already have:. Most colleges require some kind of standardized test as part of your application packet. If the college you want to attend requires the Scholastic Aptitude Test, or SAT, for example, you will want to become familiar with what it is and how to take it.

You can also log on to The College Board Online , which includes a number of helpful resources, including a daily practice question for the SAT. Contact your local school guidance counselor to see if this program is offered at your school.

Because military families face unique challenges, especially during this time of war, the Department of Defense provides professional, licensed consultants who offer non-medical behavioral consultation to Service members and their families, children, and the staff of Irwin Intermediate School.

Called Military Family Life Consultants or MFLCs pronounced „em-flaks“ , they serve each branch of the military service at every installation around the world, at no cost to families. For example,. The only exception to strict confidentiality is federal, state or military reporting requirements for domestic violence, child abuse and duty-to-warn situations. Military families experience many changes so supporting people through change is the most common issue. The MFLC provides behavioral consultation for other issues that are likely to improve in a short period of time.

Examples are:. Antilles HS: Counseling Services. Contact Us. About Us. School Policies. College Info. Financial Aid. Section Here are a few of the highlights of the policy: All students are required to attend school for instructional days per school year. Whenever a student needs to be out for more than five days, the teacher will provide a Student Educational Monitoring Plan to lessen the impact of a student missing instruction in class.

Excused absences can include: Personal illness Medical, dental, or mental health appointment Serious illness in the student’s immediate family A death in the student’s immediate family or of a relative Religious holiday Emergency conditions such as fire, flood, or storm Unique family circumstances warranting absence and coordinated with school administration.

College visits that cannot be scheduled on non-school days Reasonable amounts of time surrounding deployments and reintegration providing missed schoolwork is obtained in advance and completed upon return.

Attendance—what parents should know Parents can team up with teachers to make sure students are in school and ready to learn. How parents can help: Schedule medical and dental appointments outside of school hours. Schedule vacations during school breaks. Bully Prevention In the wake of school violence throughout the world, it is important to analyze the causes of violence and implement preventive measures to assure that every student and adult will feel secure in the school environment.

Bully Prevention What is Bullying? What is DoDEA doing about it? Graduation Requirements A DoDEA standard diploma is awarded upon completion of the following requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year.

A minimum 2. Completion of Completion of specific course requirements published annually in the graduation requirements DTM corresponding with their 9th grade entrance year.

A DoDEA honors diploma is awarded upon completion of the following additional requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year: Completion of all requirements for a standard diploma and additional course requirements published annually in the graduation requirements DTM.

Have a minimum cumulative GPA of 3. To meet this requirement through the IB Diploma Program, it is required that students successfully complete the full two 2 years of IB Diploma Program course work. Requirements DoDEA graduation requirements differ depending on the year a student enters 9th grade. In which year did your student enter the 9th grade for the first time? Your College Checklist: To make your dreams of college a reality, you will need to formulate a step-by-step plan. The following checklist is one possible way to carry out your preparations for college: Assemble a portfolio; this can be achieved over several years, or in a short time, if necessary.

Make an appointment to talk with your guidance counselor.

 
 

Usajobs pathways recent graduates schoology signature

 
 

Some examples might be:. Don’t overlook the power of the Internet when you start considering different colleges. Although actually visiting the colleges you’re interested in is desirable, „cyber visits“ to colleges can also provide very helpful information for the prospective student. Colleges and their admission requirements can vary greatly. MyROAD is updated every year, and has proven to be a very useful tool for students and their parents to plan for college.

There are excellent resources available to you through the Internet:. One of the big topics you will have to consider when you plan for college is how you will pay for it.

In general, there are three types of financial aid available to supplement any funds you already have:. Most colleges require some kind of standardized test as part of your application packet. If the college you want to attend requires the Scholastic Aptitude Test, or SAT, for example, you will want to become familiar with what it is and how to take it. You can also log on to The College Board Online , which includes a number of helpful resources, including a daily practice question for the SAT.

Contact your local school guidance counselor to see if this program is offered at your school. Because military families face unique challenges, especially during this time of war, the Department of Defense provides professional, licensed consultants who offer non-medical behavioral consultation to Service members and their families, children, and the staff of Irwin Intermediate School. Called Military Family Life Consultants or MFLCs pronounced „em-flaks“ , they serve each branch of the military service at every installation around the world, at no cost to families.

For example,. The only exception to strict confidentiality is federal, state or military reporting requirements for domestic violence, child abuse and duty-to-warn situations.

Military families experience many changes so supporting people through change is the most common issue. The MFLC provides behavioral consultation for other issues that are likely to improve in a short period of time. Examples are:. Antilles HS: Counseling Services. Contact Us. About Us. School Policies. College Info. Financial Aid. Section Here are a few of the highlights of the policy: All students are required to attend school for instructional days per school year.

Whenever a student needs to be out for more than five days, the teacher will provide a Student Educational Monitoring Plan to lessen the impact of a student missing instruction in class. Excused absences can include: Personal illness Medical, dental, or mental health appointment Serious illness in the student’s immediate family A death in the student’s immediate family or of a relative Religious holiday Emergency conditions such as fire, flood, or storm Unique family circumstances warranting absence and coordinated with school administration.

College visits that cannot be scheduled on non-school days Reasonable amounts of time surrounding deployments and reintegration providing missed schoolwork is obtained in advance and completed upon return. Attendance—what parents should know Parents can team up with teachers to make sure students are in school and ready to learn. How parents can help: Schedule medical and dental appointments outside of school hours. Schedule vacations during school breaks.

Bully Prevention In the wake of school violence throughout the world, it is important to analyze the causes of violence and implement preventive measures to assure that every student and adult will feel secure in the school environment. Bully Prevention What is Bullying? What is DoDEA doing about it? Graduation Requirements A DoDEA standard diploma is awarded upon completion of the following requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year.

A minimum 2. Completion of Completion of specific course requirements published annually in the graduation requirements DTM corresponding with their 9th grade entrance year. A DoDEA honors diploma is awarded upon completion of the following additional requirements at the end of the second semester of the graduating year: Completion of all requirements for a standard diploma and additional course requirements published annually in the graduation requirements DTM.

Have a minimum cumulative GPA of 3. To meet this requirement through the IB Diploma Program, it is required that students successfully complete the full two 2 years of IB Diploma Program course work. Requirements DoDEA graduation requirements differ depending on the year a student enters 9th grade. In which year did your student enter the 9th grade for the first time?

Your College Checklist: To make your dreams of college a reality, you will need to formulate a step-by-step plan. The following checklist is one possible way to carry out your preparations for college: Assemble a portfolio; this can be achieved over several years, or in a short time, if necessary. Make an appointment to talk with your guidance counselor.

Research different colleges and their admission requirements through the MyROAD computer program at your high school. Explore financial aid options. Make plans to learn about and take any required college admission tests.

Once you have decided where you want to apply, complete all applications and supplemental information to create a well-organized college admissions packet. Your Portfolio A portfolio is an excellent way to get started in planning for college. Your Guidance Counselor Start with your school’s guidance counselor.

Some examples might be: What courses should I take in high school to help me prepare for college? What would be some good colleges for me to consider, based on my career interests?

Could you give me some advice on completing my application for admissions? Moreau Science Careers. Jenkins, D. Silberberg Evolution of Metazoa and Fungi D. Rokas and S. Feuer and J. Rich and T. Longcore, Eds. Curry Rogers and J. Wilson, Eds. Suttmeier, C. Cao, D. Cohen and J. Reliable quantification after knockdown. Enter the world of reliable gene silencing and gene expression analysis! For up-to-date trademarks and disclaimers, see www. Gruber et al.

Lee, J. Shim, M. Hayden, J. Luehrmann, S. Ghosh full text at www. NAM et al. Godula and D. Nam et al. Miller, S. Gavrilets, W.

Rice Huang, J. Fang, M. Bedford, Y. Zhang, R. Zebrafish MiR Promotes Deadenylation and 75 Giraldez et al. Dreiser, A. Badolato, A. Karrai, A. Lawrence, Z. Liu, T. Herbert J. Five million years of sea surface temperature data from the eastern Inserting a specific plant protein and its regulated hormone auxin into nonplant cells equatorial Pacific point to the southern ocean as the source of the shows that the protein can move auxin out of cells on its own.

Quantum Information Processing The polarity of a specific protein controls the flow direction of the hormone auxin in A. Ourjoumtsev, R. Tualle-Brouri, J. Laurat, P.

Grangier plants, producing a gradient that guides development. Copernicus Polish astronomer Shimadzu believes in the value of science to transform society for the better. For more than a century, we have led the way in the development of cutting-edge technology to help measure, analyze, diagnose and solve problems.

The solutions we develop find applications in areas ranging from life sciences and medicine to flat-panel displays. We have learned much in the past hundred years. Expect a lot more. Nieto et al. Sato et al. Liver Regeneration Alloys based on cobalt maintain their strength at temperatures close to M. Lesurtel et al. Irlenbusch, B. Rockenbach I. Hammel, S. Gibbard, M. Hoyos, P. Agudelo, P. Webster, J. Curry D. Weinreich, N. Delaney, M. DePristo, D.

Hartl Higher sea surface temperature was the only statistically significant Of ways in which an enzyme can sequentially acquire five mutations controlling variable related to the upward trend in global hurricane that together confer drug resistance, fail because the intermediate strength since Bridgham, S.

Carroll, J. Thornton J. Hataye, J. Moon, A. Khoruts, C. Reilly, M. Jenkins A steroid receptor developed its modern specificity by changes in two Clonal subpopulations of immune T cells—each of which binds to a amino acids, followed by modification of a steroid biosynthetic enzyme different antigen—are more stable if they contain smaller numbers to make its ligand.

Habashi et al. Moreau, C. Bell, R. Vila, S. Archibald, N. Pierce A mouse study suggests that life-threatening heart defects in patients A phylogeny constructed with DNA sequence data from of the with Marfan syndrome may be preventable by losartan, a drug widely extant ant genera indicates that modern ants arose to million given for high blood pressure.

Periodicals Mail postage publication No. First class, airmail, student, and emeritus rates on request. Publications Mail Agreement Number Printed in the U. Change of address: Allow 4 weeks, giving old and new addresses and 8-digit account number. Postmaster: Send change of address to Science, P.

Box , Danbury, CT — Great images are only part of the picture. We Share Your Vision Through decades of cooperation with our customers across the globe, Bio-Rad has refined the tools you use every day. We understand the critical importance of application- specific imaging and analysis to your success.

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Kim and H. Rao Ubiquitin binding proteins may hold the key to substrate fate. Pain Next Wave talks to women who have combined pregnancy and scientific work. Benderly recycling keeps cells alive. Can new incentives lure postdocs into the pre-college classroom? US: Alone in the Lab J. Forde D. Gray and A. Parks M. Leslie Doctoral students pay for graduate school in a variety of ways.

Mechanisms for protein disposal interact. Fernandez Get the latest index of research funding, scholarships, fellowships, and U. For more information and international distribution network, please visit www. I UK Tel. Repeating Ring Properties Two new outer rings and moons were recently discovered around Uranus. Using the infrared Keck adaptive optics system, de Pater et al. This correspondence suggests that Mab may be the source of ring material and the blue color, because only small grains survive gravitational forces, solar radiation pressure, and electromagnetic forces.

Both the uranian and saturnian rings are also at similar locations in planetary radii. Through the accurate modeling of a wide range of heteroge- Carbon-hydrogen bonds in organic molecules addition of solutes like aluminum or titanium, or neous reactions should be feasible. Godula and Sames p. However, Sato et al. Which of these These synthetic routes offer great potential for show than a ternary cobalt alloy based on the factors are most important and which are respon- increased synthetic efficiency in preparing com- addition of aluminum and tungsten has properties sible for the increase in global hurricane intensity plex molecules such as drug precursors.

Hoyos et al. Quantum information processing will require the pendently during chemical interactions, is a cor- tropical SSTs have had a significant influence on reliable preparation of quantum states of matter. Without it, the recent multi-decadal trend.

However, the ease with which electrons No Pain, No Gain that are expected to be useful for quantum com- can be excited at metal surfaces has cast doubt Societal behavior is complex and multifaceted. By subtracting a single on the valid- One complicated question is the conditions under photon from a squeezed coherent optical pulse, ity of the which we cooperate with others for mutual gain.

Ourjoumtsev et al. As successive rounds are the Perspective by Wodtke show that data for played, they come to appreciate that cooperation Superalloying Cobalt scattering and dissociative adsorption of H2 at a yields greater rewards, so they switch to the sanc- Superalloys, which are based on iron, cobalt, or platinum surface are well predicted with a den- tioning regime where punishment which makes most commonly nickel, can be safely used at tem- sity functional theory approach with the B-O cri- free-riding costly is allowed and themselves peratures in excess of 0.

The absence of Pt electronic excita- become active monitors of compliance. Where millions of EndNote, used by millions of researchers, students, professors, librarians and writers worldwide, is known for introducing researchers, librarians and innovative features such as the ability to search online bibliographic databases, organize references and images, and create instant students begin.

With EndNote 9, you can work faster with increased performance, connect to more data sources worldwide, and share customized libraries with colleagues easily. There simply is no better way to manage research and publishing — your references and build instant bibliographies. EndNote is a registered trademark of Thomson. This Week in Science Continued from page Ant Family Tree Ants are a dominant feature of terrestrial ecosystems and yet we know surprisingly little about their evolutionary history.

Moreau et al. A single group, the Leptanillinae, lies at the base of the tree, while all the other groups fall into two major clusters. By using fossils to calibrate the rates of DNA evolution in ants, they con- clude that present-day ants arose approximately to million years ago. Dur- ing this maternal-to-zygotic transition, a large number of maternal mRNAs are somehow eliminated. Hundreds of miR target mRNAs are maternally expressed during early development, and miR can promote their deacetylation and decay.

Thus, during the maternal-to-zygotic transition in zebrafish embryogenesis, miR plays a critical role. Liver was found to express serotonin receptors. Mice with impaired platelet function had a reduced regenerative response, but when treated with a serotonin receptor agonist, hepatocyte proliferation was restored. Liver regeneration in mice lacking peripheral serotonin was also restored when their platelets were reloaded with serotonin.

Therapeutic treatment with serotonin receptor agonists may thus be useful in tissue recovery. Limits to Evolutionary Flexibility Genetic mutations are the substrate for evolution. Genes conferring fitness can accumulate multiple mutations during a period of selection.

There are, of course, many potential evolutionary trajectories for the appearance of these mutations. However, it is likely that not all trajectories are available because the fitness of individual mutations may depend on the genetic background in which they appear. Weinreich et al. Only 18 of a potential routes to high fitness are accessible to selection, due to pleiotropic effects of the mutations on the enzyme. Therapy for Marfan Syndrome Marfan syndrome MFS is a hereditary disorder characterized by systemwide defects in connec- tive tissue.

People with MFS have a greatly increased risk of developing an aortic aneurysm, a bulge in the wall of the aorta that can rupture and cause life-threatening internal bleeding.

Studying a mouse model of MFS, Habashi et al. Losartan is already widely used to control high blood pressure, and the authors suggest that a prospective clinical trial in MFS patients is warranted. And it does it without columns. Without expensive purification plates. And most importantly, without sample loss. ExoSAP-IT is perfect for working with small sample quantities by hand or high-throughput quantities with robotics.

All to give you electrophoresis. Several metamorphoses followed over the next half-century: drugs were added; food laws were amended; and the agency moved to the Department of Health, Education and Welfare after World War II. It still bears remnants of that history: the FDA gets its appropriation from Agriculture committees in Congress and its oversight from Health and Commerce committees.

What that meant, as I discovered when I became FDA commissioner in , was that you go to rural conservatives for your money and to consumer-friendly urbanites for punishment or occasional praise. Somehow the FDA has managed to retain a fairly respectable image with U. Food safety is a serious public concern, and most people like the fact that the FDA protects them from things such as bad seafood and aflatoxin in corn.

The approval process for drugs and medical devices is trickier. Industry argues that FDA regulation keeps valuable therapies away from us, whereas consumers claim that it approves too many drugs with harmful side effects. Yet most Americans think the agency is staffed by seasoned professionals who have the public interest at heart and do their jobs with professional skill.

After he explains that, his next challenge will be to deal with the Plan B contraceptive, which remains unavailable despite an advisory committee recommendation and is now hung up pending a long public comment period to evaluate whether it should available over the counter to women over the age of Drug safety questions arose over the use of antidepressants by adolescents.

Then came Vioxx and other COX-2 inhibitors and concerns about cardiovascular side effects. In the medical devices area, problems surfaced regarding the initial approval and postmarketing safety surveillance of certain pacemakers produced by the Guidant Corporation.

Finally, there is the ethical controversy about patient protection in the clinical trial for a blood substitute called PolyHeme. Northfield Laboratories seeks approval for its use in treating hemorrhagic blood loss after trauma. In the trial, one group of patients will get PolyHeme while a control group gets saline along with blood transfusions.

How do you get informed consent from a trauma victim? You waive the requirement for it! The Office of Human Research Protections objected vainly to that for over 2 years, and the FDA has been dressed down by a furious Senator Charles Grassley over its prolonged unresponsiveness. If this is an adequate proxy for informed consent, I am a coloratura soprano. Despite the recent requirement that pediatric drugs be approved and the need to monitor increasingly international drug production, appropriations have not accompanied the new mandates, and earmarks have cut the budget further.

Or maybe money? Lining up the Ducks Tide gauge and satellite measurements indicate that global mean sea level has increased by 1. A significant fraction of this increase is ascribed to glacial melting caused by warming, with the remainder due to thermal expansion of the oceans.

However, the simultaneous agree- ment in the movement of the rotational pole, the historical obser- vations of ancient eclipses which allow trends in the length of day to be computed , and space-based gravity measurements which reflect mass redistributions has seemingly precluded any major Redistributing mass alters rotational speed.

Mitrovica et al. In this way, they show how the full suite of Earth rotation and geo- detic observations can be reconciled with those of glacial melting and associated sea level rise. Subsidence attrib- ancestral genus. Galapagos finch. In fact, his thoughts were trig- Evolution 60, Crayfish Crystals Although the finches Not the Fault of Compaction A number of studies have shown that biomineral- have been studied Deltas represent a huge accumulation of sedi- ization can occur through the sudden transforma- intensely by genera- ment; large ones are often the sites of major tion of amorphous calcium carbonate ACC into tions of evolutionary cities, such as New Orleans.

Several processes— its crystalline forms. In crayfish, for example, the biologists, the mock- compaction of the sediment, withdrawal of exoskeleton consists primarily of a composite of ingbirds have suf- ground water and oil which accelerates com- chitin and protein microfibrils and calcium car- fered a benign neg- paction , and sea level rise—lead to subsidence bonate.

Sugawara et al. These are compounded 1, on the formation of calcium carbonate crystals. The authors of the Beagle speci- ment pile. By analyzing a large number of level- observed the growth of micrometer-sized crystals mens a fourth being added after his death , had ing benchmarks tied to modern Global Position- that were composed of assemblies of nanocrystals descended from a single colonization event per- ing System data, Dokka shows that subsidence and were all found to have the same c-axis orien- petuated by wayfarers from Chile or Argentina.

The crystals were connected to the chitin Arbogast et al. The molec- ment compaction driven by groundwater pump- Crystallization occurred within the first 5 min after ular phylogeny indicates that the Galapagos ing as has been presumed. The fault has down- mixing, indicating that a sudden transformation mockingbirds are indeed monophyletic, but that thrown a km-wide block extending north of of ACC occurs in the presence of CAP By remov- their closest relatives in the genus Mimus are now New Orleans out into the Gulf of Mexico.

The size ing the lone phosphoserine residue of the peptide, found in North and Central America, rather than of the fault block has made it difficult to recog- the authors observed oriented crystal growth but the nearest part of the mainland Ecuador , and nizeYYePG in localProudly Presents, benchmark Thxwhich surveys, for Support thus could Continued on page You will discover excellent itineraries and leaders, and congenial groups of like- minded travelers who share a love of learning and discovery.

Douglas Sharon. Tibetan Plateau September , Discover Tibet, a place of fascination for naturalists and explorers for centuries, from the eastern grasslands to the heart of Tibet—Lhasa!. Chris Carpenter. Copper Canyon, Mexico October , Discover Mexico’s greatest canyon system and the Tarahumara, famous for their long distance running games.

New Zealand Nov. Sugar- Trading Accuracy for Speed based macromolecules come to mind less readily Genetic damage is potentially very dangerous to even though they constitute some of the most cells, so when it does occur, repair usually follows 7 is your lucky number! During cell division, DNA replication trees and chitin in inverte- forks grind to a halt at sites of damage, activating brate exoskeletons. How do developing nematodes keep to. Although the nor- and penicillin and its descendants in the clinic.

Model- overcome genomic damage and avoid a fatal delay in cell division. Fac- embryos opt for survival at the cost of an increase in mutations. Cell Biol. Delivani et al. EGL-1, which binds to premium quality consumables! CED-9, promoted mitochondrial fragmentation in mammalian cells as it does in C.

When coexpressed in mammalian cells, CED-9 bound to mitofusin, a protein that promotes mitochondrial fusion. The authors Eppendorf Partner today or visit suggest that Bcl-2 family proteins are involved in regulating mitochondrial fission and fusion in addition to their role in regulating apoptosis. Cell 21, Louis, MO. At this truly interdisciplinary event you can unravel the mysteries of how insects fly, explore the interplay between real and virtual worlds, and learn Supporters: about research into ways to prevent severe storm The British Consulate General — damage.

Two great brands. One unique source for chemicals. Every day, thousands of laboratories around the globe put their trust in chemicals from Mallinckrodt Baker. Plus, our chemicals deliver consistent results… time after time. To request copies of the new Mallinckrodt and J. Baker catalogs, please visit www. YYePG of J. All rights reserved. Brooks Hanson, Katrina L. Hines, Paula A.

Kiberstis Boston , Marc S. Purnell, L. Accordingly, all articles published in Science—including , Stella M. Hurtley, Ian S. Osborne, Stephen J. Simpson, Peter Stern; David E. Bierbaum; John E. Dowling; Lynn W. Enquist; Susan M. Fitzpatrick; the individual views of the authors and not official points of view adopted Alice Gast; Thomas Pollard; Peter J. Stang; Kathryn D. Sullivan by the AAAS or the institutions with which the authors are affiliated.

Cohen, Princeton Univ. Michael J. Somerville, Carnegie Institution F. Fleming Crim, Univ. John I. Brauman, Chair, Stanford Univ. Hospital, Lund Edward I. Stiefel, Princeton Univ. Richard Losick, Harvard Univ. George Q. Thomas Stocker, Univ. Judy DeLoache, Univ. MacKenzie, Univ. Andrews Tomoyuki Takahashi, Univ. Vera C. George M. Martin, Univ. Thompson, Univ. Derek van der Kooy, Univ. Yasushi Miyashita, Univ. Walsh, Harvard Medical School R.

McNeill Alexander, Leeds Univ. Douglas H. Christopher T. Falkowski, Rutgers Univ. Naoto Nagaosa, Univ. School of Med. Richard Amasino, Univ. Colin Watts, Univ. Andreae, Max Planck Inst. Weertman, Northwestern Univ. Kristi S. Anseth, Univ. Wegner, Harvard University Cornelia I. Bargmann, Rockefeller Univ. Jeffrey S. Olson, Univ. Williams, Univ. Frith, Univ. Gadagkar, Indian Inst. Baughman, Univ. Wilson, The Scripps Res. Stephen J. Benkovic, Pennsylvania St. John Gearhart, Johns Hopkins Univ.

Graves, Australian National Univ. Bevan, Univ. Christian Haass, Ludwig Maximilians Univ. Mary Power, Univ. Hartmann, Univ. Read, Univ. Hendler, Univ. Buriak, Univ. Hoffmann, La Trobe Univ. Burns, Cornell Univ. Evelyn L. Hu, Univ. Jackson, Univ. School Gary Ruvkun, Mass. Roy Sambles, Univ. David S. Mildred Cho, Stanford Univ. Alan B. Krueger, Princeton Univ. Leggett, Univ. Lewis Wolpert, Univ. College, London. To learn more about TaqMan Gene Expression Assays and how they can help you validate your research, visit www.

For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. It will become makes it rank ahead of some major European countries like France, Germany and Sweden, the first such center in Europe focused on if we compare the number of companies with products in pipeline. Belgium 0. The promising results were pre- 20, university researchers, , students and 35, graduates annually in sented at the American Cardiology Biotechnology, Pharmacy and Medicine — are extremely productive, with creativity second Congress ACC.

As a proof, Italy ranks top in Europe for patent pro- ductivity and impact rate of publications. Thx for Its mission is toSupport offer a Sunday, April 9th at p. Electrification Project This centimeter-long lump of solder and wires above is one of the original integrated circuits, built by Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments in Subjects of the nine exhibits include Thomas Edison and nanotechnology.

It meshed tone-producing ocean temperatures, bringing deluges to some areas of the circuits, filters, and other modules so that for the first time musicians could world and drought to others.

Visitors can divert to minibiographies of figures such as information on the climate phenomena or the latest data on integrated circuit co-inventor Robert Noyce of Fairchild Semiconductor warm-water volume in the tropical Pacific Ocean, zoom over and backgrounders on buckyballs, vacuum tubes, and other technologies. National Oceanic www. The Basics section explains these climatic extremes Ever since Alexander Fleming spied an errant mold growing on a culture with primers, animations, and other resources.

Visitors will also dish, most antibiotics have come from fungi and bacteria. Researchers can trawl numerous data sets from NOAA and Immunologists, drug designers, and other researchers can learn more about other sources, which record variables such as atmospheric these molecules at PenBase, sponsored by an international team of scientists.

The site also serves up a nomenclature guide, a bibliography, and a roster of PCR primers for duplicating penaeidin genes. What distinguishes the stem cells in umbilical cord blood from embryonic stem cells?

Students tussling with such questions can find help at a new primer from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. The Irish for centuries believed these so-called A new amphibian family tree—probably the biggest phylogenetic tree ever Ogham Stones, named completed for a class of vertebrates—was unveiled this month and has already after the language, to attracted some carping from rival treemakers.

He and colleagues from more than a dozen institutions have spent the past they are the work of 3 years comparing 1. Some Ogham The analysis yielded 33 new groups and two new families of amphibians, says stones have been found, Frost. For example, a group of frogs ranging from South America to the ranging in size from American Southwest had to be dissolved, as some members proved to be most meter-long ones to 2-ton closely related to an Australian frog and others stones up to 5 meters to American tree frogs.

University College Cork. Scholars believed that the crosses had been added later by Christians attempting to erase all pagan signs from their culture. McManus, who completed his analysis last month, believes the stones were carved not for rituals but to mark territory and burial sites. Students maychoose to complete both an ethics course for credit and CITI training.

All students arerequired to complete a minimum of either a course for credit or CITI training. Pleaserefer to the list of suggested seminars.

The process of objective,transparent, documentable, and replicable methods should be integrated into scientific studies relatedto social science Hannah et al. Social science encompasses a broad array of disciplines, includingeconomics, archaeology, anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Center students will engage with the social sciences in a variety of ways. For students who participate in undergraduate internships with NOAA and NSF REUprograms or conduct research at their home institution, they will also integrate a broader impactstatement in their final paper and presentation.

Graduate students have multiple options for addressing social science during their tenure at the CSC. Ata minimum, all graduate students participate in a five-day professional development workshop thatincludes Human Dimensions activities focused on social science and socioeconomics.

Additionally, all7. Revised: students must articulate societal relevance of their research through the broader impact statements intheir NERTO final reports and TAB proposals. Broader impact statements are grounded in research and focus on the human behavior associated witha research question. These statements may address socio-economic impacts of social change with atarget population. Broader Impact statements may be predictive of future research or the benefits ofthe current study for the larger population.

Broader impacts statements by themselves are not socialscience. Some graduate students conduct social science as the bulk of the graduate research or include a chapterfocused on social science, such as a specific question or application in education, management or policy. Ideally in these cases, a social scientist serves as a committee member and the Center works with thestudents to achieve social science literacy.

Figure 1. Social science integration throughout the Center for graduate and undergraduatestudents. ScoreComments0 no 1 somewhat 2 yes LMRCSC Fellow provides clear connectionsbetween a socio-economic impact orsocial change with a target population andthe research question.

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