Provinces and territories of canada quizlet
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Government structure. The Crown. Executive King-in-Council. Legislative King-in-Parliament. Judicial King-on-the-Bench. Federal electoral districts Federal electoral system List of federal elections Provincial electoral districts Politics of the provinces. Local government. Municipal government. Foreign relations. Related topics. Other countries. The governing political party s in each Canadian province by political position.
This box: view talk edit. Main article: List of proposed provinces and territories of Canada. Canada portal Ontario portal. ISBN Archived from the original on May 3, Retrieved November 21, Fraser Institute. Archived from the original PDF on April 28, Retrieved August 6, Statistics Canada.
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Roman Catholic Diocese of Hamilton in Bermuda. Provinces and territories of Canada. Game is finished! Your score is Time spent: Try one more time. Its length is 8, km. Canada has the longest coastline in the world – , km. Canada is the most educated country in the world: more than half of its citizens have higher education.
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Saskatchewan. Edmonton. Alberta. St John’s. Newfoundland and Labrador. Yellowknife. Northwest Territories. Whitehorse. Yukon. Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like Yukon Territory, Whitehorse, Northwest Territory and more. Canada Provinces and Territories. Flashcards. Learn. Test. . Start studying Provinces and Territories of Canada. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Within the geographical areas of Canada , the ten provinces and three territories are sub-national administrative divisions under the jurisdiction of the Canadian Constitution. In the Canadian Confederation , three provinces of British North America — New Brunswick , Nova Scotia , and the Province of Canada which upon Confederation was divided into Ontario and Quebec —united to form a federation , becoming a fully independent country over the next century.
Over its history, Canada’s international borders have changed several times as it has added territories and provinces, making it the world’s second-largest country by area.
The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, formerly  called the British North America Act, , whereas territorial governments are creatures of statute with powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada. The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada the federal government and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively.
A change to the division of powers between the federal government and the provinces requires a constitutional amendment , whereas a similar change affecting the territories can be performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory , the provinces are considered to be co-sovereign within certain areas based on the divisions of responsibility between the provincial and federal government within the Constitution Act, , and each province thus has its own representative of the Canadian Crown , the lieutenant governor.
The territories are not sovereign, but instead their authorities and responsibilities are devolved directly from the federal level, and as a result, have a commissioner that represents the federal government. There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government. The following table lists the territories in order of precedence [ clarification needed ] each province has precedence over all the territories, regardless of the date each territory was created.
Another territory, the District of Keewatin , existed from October 7, , until September 1, , when it rejoined the Northwest Territories and became the Keewatin Region.
It was east of the North-West Territories, occupying the area that is now the Kenora District of Ontario, northern Manitoba, and the eastern half of Nunavut. The government of Keewatin was based in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The territory did not have any representation in federal parliament. The vast majority of Canada’s population is concentrated in areas close to the Canada—US border. The territories the Northwest Territories , Nunavut and Yukon account for over a third of Canada’s area but are only home to 0.
Canada’s population grew by 5. Except for New Brunswick , all territories and provinces increased in population during this time. In terms of percent change, the fastest-growing province or territory was Nunavut with an increase of Generally, Canadian provinces have steadily grown in population along with Canada.
However, some provinces such as Saskatchewan, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador have experienced long periods of stagnation or population decline. The population of the West relative to Canada as a whole has steadily grown over time, while that of Atlantic Canada has declined. Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, , into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom.
Over the following years, Manitoba , British Columbia , and Prince Edward Island were added as provinces. NWT included the northern two-thirds of Ontario and Quebec. After the province of Manitoba was established in , in a small area in the south of today’s province, almost all of present-day Manitoba was still contained in the NWT. Manitoba expanded to its present size in The British claims to the Arctic islands were transferred to Canada in , adding to the size of the North-West Territories.
In the Yukon Territory, later renamed „Yukon“ in , was carved from the area surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1, , a portion of the North-West Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
In , the people of Newfoundland voted to remain a British colony over fears that taxes would increase with Confederation, and that the economic policy of the Canadian government would favour mainland industries.
Bermuda , the last British North American colony,     which had been somewhat subordinated to Nova Scotia, was one of two Imperial fortress colonies in British North America – the other being Nova Scotia, and more particularly the city of Halifax. Lawrence and Coast of America and North America and West Indies Station , the North America and Newfoundland Station , the North America and West Indies Station , and finally the America and West Indies Station main bases, dockyards, and Admiralty Houses, and the squadron of the station was based at Royal Naval Dockyard, Halifax during the summers and Royal Naval Dockyard, Bermuda in the winters until the s, when Bermuda which was better located to control the Atlantic Seaboard of the United States, impossible to attack over land, and almost impregnable against attack over water became the main base year round.
Britain retained control of Bermuda as an imperial fortress, with the Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Bermuda a military officer previously ranking between lieutenant-colonel and major-general becoming a lieutenant-general termed a General Officer Commanding and the Bermuda garrison becoming a command in its own right. The second reduction, in , occurred when a boundary dispute between Canada and the Dominion of Newfoundland saw Labrador enlarged at Quebec’s expense; this land returned to Canada, as part of the province of Newfoundland, in All three territories combined are the most sparsely populated region in Canada, covering 3,, km 2 1,, sq mi in land area.
Theoretically, provinces have a great deal of power relative to the federal government, with jurisdiction over many public goods such as health care, education, welfare, and intra-provincial transportation.
For instance, in order to receive healthcare funding under Medicare , provinces must agree to meet certain federal mandates, such as universal access to required medical treatment. Provincial and territorial legislatures have no second chamber like the Canadian Senate. Originally, most provinces had such bodies, known as legislative councils , with members titled councillors. These upper houses were abolished one by one, Quebec’s being the last in The head of government of each province, called the premier , is generally the head of the party with the most seats.
Alberta Legislature Building. British Columbia Parliament Buildings. Manitoba Legislative Building. New Brunswick Legislative Building. Newfoundland and Labrador Confederation Building. Nova Scotia Province House. Ontario Legislative Building. Prince Edward Island Province House. Quebec Parliament Building. Saskatchewan Legislative Building.
Northwest Territories Legislative Building. Nunavut Legislative Building. Yukon Legislative Building. Most provinces have rough provincial counterparts to major federal parties. However, these provincial parties are not usually formally linked to the federal parties that share the same name.
Provincial New Democratic Parties, on the other hand, are fully integrated with the federal New Democratic Party —meaning that provincial parties effectively operate as sections, with common membership, of the federal party. Other provincial Liberal Parties are unaffiliated with their federal counterpart. Some provinces have provincial political parties with no clear federal equivalent, such as the Alberta Party and Saskatchewan Party.
The governing political party s in each Canadian province. Multicoloured provinces are governed by a coalition or minority government consisting of more than one party. Since Confederation in , there have been several proposals for new Canadian provinces and territories. The Constitution of Canada requires an amendment for the creation of a new province  but the creation of a new territory requires only an act of Parliament , a legislatively simpler process.
In late , Prime Minister Paul Martin surprised some observers by expressing his personal support for all three territories gaining provincial status „eventually“. He cited their importance to the country as a whole and the ongoing need to assert sovereignty in the Arctic , particularly as global warming could make that region more open to exploitation leading to more complex international waters disputes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Top-level subdivisions of Canada. For the historic colony, see Province of Canada. For the biological term, see Circumboreal Region. Constitutional monarchy. However, the National Capital Region straddles the border. Main article: Population of Canada by province and territory. Main article: Territorial evolution of Canada. See also: Former colonies and territories in Canada. Main article: Canadian federalism.
See also: Monarchy in the Canadian provinces , Office-holders of Canada , and Legislative assemblies of Canadian provinces and territories. The name was changed at the same time Quebec’s upper house was abolished. After the abolition of its upper house, assemblymen and councillors both sat in the renamed „Legislative Assembly“. Later, this practice was abolished so that all members would be titled „Member of the Legislative Assembly“.
British Columbia. New Brunswick. Newfoundland and Labrador. Nova Scotia. Prince Edward Island. Northwest Territories. Politics of Canada. Government structure. The Crown. Executive King-in-Council. Legislative King-in-Parliament. Judicial King-on-the-Bench. Federal electoral districts Federal electoral system List of federal elections Provincial electoral districts Politics of the provinces.
Local government. Municipal government. Foreign relations. Related topics. Other countries.